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Thomas R. Burton III
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(617) 348-3097
TRBurton@mintz.com

Brady Berg
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Evan M. Bienstock
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Energy and Clean Tech Connections

March 2009

Introduction

This month, Mintz Levin is pleased to unveil a newly reorganized Energy and Clean Tech Connections designed to help our clients and friends better understand the rapidly changing incentives landscape. We created a new section to highlight Privately Sourced Financial Grants‚ and expanded our coverage of Government Financial Assistance to include Tax Incentives and Rebates in addition to Grants. The Federal and State Happenings section has also been refocused to hone in on state and federal government affairs, recent and upcoming legislation, and newly created financial incentives.

In federal news, two important regulatory proposals were put on the table this month. First, the EPA announced a proposal to create a “comprehensive national system” for greenhouse gas emissions reporting, which would lay a foundation for the creation of a cap-and-trade system for carbon emissions. In addition, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid introduced legislation that would increase federal power over electric transmission lines, allowing the federal government to speed the siting of transmission lines carrying renewable energy from rural areas to population centers. For more information, see the Federal and State Happenings section.

Mintz Levin would like to congratulate our client FourFold Design, which recently launched its sustainable architecture and interior design services. In addition, we are pleased to announce that Travis Blais, a tax attorney in Mintz Levin’s Energy and Clean Technology practice group, was quoted in an article in the BNA Daily Tax Report that highlights differences in the ways the stimulus plan will benefit different green energy manufacturers.

We hope that you enjoy this month’s edition of the newsletter.

In This Edition

In the News: United States

In the News: Europe

Government Financial Assistance

Privately Sourced Financial Grants

Federal and State Happenings

Legal News

Events

In the News: United States

Forward Osmosis: Can a Startup Reverse Desalination?

Greentech Media - February 17, 2009

More info…

A Smart Grid for Water

Greentech Media - February 18, 2009

More info…

VCs Evolve Role in Cleantech

Cleantech Group - February 24, 2009

More info…

Mascoma Makes Ethanol from Wood - At Small Scale

CNET News - February 26, 2009

More info…

Nine Leading Biomass Companies Form Biomass Thermal Energy Council

Renewable Energy World - March 10, 2009

More info…

Think Delays U.S. Expansion Plans to Mid-2010

Cleantech Group - March 10, 2009

More info…

2.65M in Solar and Wind Jobs by 2018?

Greentech Media - March 10, 2009

More info…

S&P Forms Carbon Efficiency Index

Greentech Media - March 9, 2009

More info…

Bosch Joins Investors in SynapSense

Greentech Media - March 9, 2009

More info…

Ecotality and Nissan Team on EV Charging Tech

Greentech Media - March 6, 2009

More info…

SunEdison Closes U.S. $20M in Project Financing

Renewable Energy World - March 4, 2009

More info…

Armed for Battle: First Solar vs. SunPower vs. Suntech

Greentech Media - March 4, 2009

More info…

In Search of the Google of Green Tech

CNET News - March 4, 2009

More info…

eSolar’s Transformation Continues with Indian Deal

Greentech Media - March 3, 2009

More info…

Sage Electrochromics Secures U.S. $20M

Renewable Energy World - March 2, 2009

More info…

Nexterra Launches U.S. $30M Program to Commercialize Biogas System

Renewable Energy World - March 2, 2009

More info…

Greentech Weathers Economic Storm

Greentech Media - February 26, 2009

More info…

First Solar Reaches U.S. $1 Per Watt Milestone

Renewable Energy World - February 25, 2009

More info…

GroSolar Grows with Purchase of Borrego Solar

Mass High Tech - February 19, 2009

More info…

Verenium, BP Pony Up First $45M for Joint Venture

Mass High Tech - February 19, 2009

More info…

In the News: Europe

Britain’s Rivers Called On to Provide Renewable Energy

The Times - March 11, 2009

More info…

Utility-Scale Thin-Film: Three New Plants in Germany Total Almost 50MW

Renewable Energy World - March 11, 2009

More info…

Nuclear Power Plants Being Revived Worldwide

Chicago Tribune - March 11, 2009

More info…

Supermarket Buys Into East of England Anaerobic Digestion Plant

Business Weekly - March 10, 2009

More info…

Spanish Windmills Tilt Country towards Cleaner Green Energy

The Times - March 10, 2009

More info…

Green Projects Face Carbon Credit Crunch

The Sunday Times - March 8, 2009

More info…

Green Shift Demands Root and Branch Changes

The Times - March 6, 2009

More info…

Four Top E.U. Wind Developers Join Forces for 25GW Project

Cleantech Group - February 27, 2009

More info…

Crown Estate Awards Scottish Offshore Wind Sites

Renewable Energy World - February 26, 2009

More info…

IBM Tests Smart Charging in Denmark

Greentech Media - February 25, 2009

More info…

Aquamarine to Develop 1GW of Ocean Energy

Renewable Energy World - February 24, 2009

More info…

Spain Kicks Off New Solar Feed-In Tariffs

Greentech Media - February 20, 2009

More info…

Government Financial Assistance

Grants

Enhanced Geothermal Systems Component Research and Development/Analysis

DOE is seeking advanced technology to address key aspects of engineered reservoir creation, management, and utilization identified in the GTP Multi-Year Research, Development, and Demonstration (MYRDD) plan. Projects are sought to develop innovative technology for cost-effective creation, management, and utilization of Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) in reservoir environments. Projects will be evaluated based on their ability to advance technology toward ultimate, specific target specifications to drive market development of EGS. Teaming between academia, industry, and National Laboratories/Federally Funded Research and Development Centers (FFRDCs) is encouraged.

Application Deadline: April 30, 2009

More info…

Enhanced Geothermal Systems Demonstration

The Geothermal Technologies Program (GTP) is seeking projects in a variety of geologic formations that will quantitatively demonstrate and validate stimulation techniques that successfully sustain sufficient fluid flow and heat extraction rates for 5-7 years that produce at least 5 MWe per year per project site/geothermal reservoir. DOE will also consider projects to further characterize, stimulate, and validate underutilized geothermal resources, particularly in urban and rural regions with high electricity costs such as Alaska, Hawaii, the eastern U.S., Indian Reservations, etc.

Application Deadline: May 14, 2009

More info…

Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program

Section 136 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) provided DOE with funding to make up to $25 billion in direct loans to eligible applicants for the costs of reequipping, expanding, and establishing manufacturing facilities in the United States to produce advanced technology vehicles, and components for such vehicles. These vehicles must provide meaningful improvements in fuel economy performance.

Application Deadline: March 31, 2009, and every 90 days thereafter as long as authority remains to make additional loans

More info…

Demonstration of Integrated Biorefinery Operations

The DOE has announced the issuance of a Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) for up to $200 million over six years (FY 2009 – FY 2014), subject to annual appropriations, to support the development of pilot and demonstration-scale biorefineries, including the use of feedstocks such as algae and production of advanced biofuels such as bio-butanol, green gasoline, and other innovative biofuels.

The FOA has two topic areas for biorefinery development:

  • Pilot-scale, minimum throughput of one dry tonne of feedstock per day with a minimum non-federal cost-share at 30 percent.
  • Demonstration-scale minimum throughput of 50 dry tonnes of feedstock per day, with a minimum non-federal cost-share at 50 percent.

DOE anticipates making approximately 5-12 awards under this announcement, depending on the topic area and size of awards.

Application Deadline: Mandatory letters of intent - February 20, 2009; completed applications - April 30, 2009

More info…

Biomass Research and Development Initiative

The DOE and USDA today announced up to $25 million in funding for research and development of technologies and processes to produce biofuels, bioenergy, and high-value biobased products, subject to annual appropriations.

USDA and DOE are issuing this joint funding opportunity announcement (FOA) for several types of projects aimed at increasing the availability of alternative renewable fuels and biobased products. The projects will aim to create a diverse group of economically and environmentally sustainable sources of renewable biomass. Advanced biofuels produced from these types of sources are expected to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by a minimum of 50 percent.

The FOA will fund projects in the following three technical areas specified in the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act (FCEA) of 2008:

  • Feedstocks development;
  • Biofuels and biobased products development; and
  • Biofuels development analysis.

Award amounts are planned to range from $1 million up to $5 million with project periods up to four years, subject to annual appropriations. Eligible applicants include institutions of higher education, national laboratories, federal research agencies, state research agencies, private sector entities, non-profit organizations, or a consortium of two or more of those entities.

Application Deadline: June 11, 2009

More info…

Massachusetts Technology Collaborative Sustainable Energy Economic Development (SEED)

SEED supports the growth and commercialization of renewable energy technologies in Massachusetts. SEED provides flexible capital to early-stage companies for new renewable energy-related product development and facilitates companies’ access to private capital.

Since 2004, SEED has made 15 awards, totaling $4.9 million. Seven of the companies have received significant funding from private investors after SEED closing. The SEED companies currently have a total known valuation of $237 million and support 150 jobs in Massachusetts.

Application Deadline: Rolling

More info…

Massachusetts Technology Collaborative Business Expansion Initiative (BEI)

BEI supports the development and expansion of the production capacity of renewable energy technology firms in Massachusetts. BEI provides secured debt capital to expansion-stage companies for new renewable energy product design and manufacturing financing. BEI loans may only be made to companies located within Massachusetts.

Application Deadline: Rolling

More info…

Massachusetts Technology Collaborative Large Onsite Renewables Initiative

The Large Onsite Renewables Initiative (LORI) awards grants for feasibility studies and design and construction projects of qualifying renewable energy systems greater than 10 kW. A project is eligible for funding if it is located at a commercial, industrial, institutional, or public site, and if the electric system will be served by a Massachusetts investor-owned electric utility company or a municipal Light Plant Department that pays into the Renewable Energy Trust. Qualifying renewable energy technologies include wind energy, fuel cells, hydroelectric, landfill gas, and advanced biomass power conversion technologies.

Application Deadline: Rolling

More info…

Massachusetts Green Energy Fund

The Fund’s focus on Massachusetts clean energy companies allows its investors an opportunity to capitalize on two emerging trends: the growing level of investment interest in clean energy and the importance of Massachusetts’ academic and corporate R&D in forming clean energy technology companies.

The Fund invests in Massachusetts-based renewable energy companies able to achieve strong financial returns, including businesses engaged in solar photovoltaic power, wind power, biomass, biofuels, fuel cells, landfill gas, low-impact hydro, ocean and tidal power, energy storage, grid information technologies, and other enabling technologies that promote the expanded use of renewable energy. The Fund will also consider investment in renewable energy companies willing to relocate to Massachusetts or having substantial operations based in the state.

Application Deadline: Rolling

More info…

Unsolicited Proposals to the Massachusetts Renewable Energy Trust’s Industry Investment and Development (II&D) Program

The Industry Investment and Development (II&D) Program accepts Unsolicited Proposals for financial assistance for unique projects, ideas, methods, or approaches that don’t fit into the existing II&D initiatives. These proposals are submitted by individuals, businesses, and organizations solely at the proposer’s initiative and/or timing, rather than in response to a Massachusetts Renewable Energy Trust (the Trust) solicitation or Request for Proposals (RFP). Funding of Unsolicited Proposals is considered a noncompetitive, discretionary action of the Board of Directors of the Massachusetts Technology Collaborative (MTC), the administrator of the Trust. Unsolicited Proposals are expected to provide extraordinary and unique benefits.

Application Deadline: Rolling

More info…

Focus on Energy Renewable Program Incentives and Grants

Focus on Energy, Wisconsin's energy efficiency and renewable energy initiative, announced that it is offering large, one-time-only grants to help finance the installation of innovative renewable energy systems. Funds will be awarded on a competitive basis and are meant to support one project in each of the following technologies:

  • Industrial or Municipal Anaerobic Digesters and Biomass Combustion: These grants will fund the installation of a commercially available anaerobic digester system and a biomass combustion system in the US $2–4 million range. The grant will reward up to 25% of the installed project cost, or a maximum of U.S. $500,000.
  • Solar Water Heating: This grant will fund the installation of a solar hot-water system that offsets more than 10,000 therms per year. The grant will reward up to 25% of the installed project cost for tax-paying entities and up to 35% for non-profits, or a maximum of U.S. $100,000.
  • Solar Electric: This grant will fund the installation of a PV system that produces more than 50 kilowatts (kW) per year. The grant will reward up to 25% of the installed project cost for tax-paying entities and up to 35% for non-profits, or a maximum of U.S. $100,000.
  • Wind Energy: This grant will provide financial support for the installation of one commercially available wind-energy system that demonstrates a new type of turbine, has a special type of application and/or provides very high visibility and educational value. To be eligible the project must produce 20 kW to 100 kW per year. This grant will reward up to 35% of the installed project cost, or a maximum of U.S. $100,000.

More info…

Tax Incentives and Rebates

Federal Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System

Section 168 (e)(3)(b)of the Internal Revenue Code provides a specific depreciation deduction for solar, wind, and geothermal property. The MACRS establishes a set of class lives for various types of property, ranging from three to 50 years, over which the property may be depreciated. For solar, wind, and geothermal property placed in service after 1986, the current MACRS property class is five years. For certain biomass property, the MACRS property class life is seven years. Eligible biomass property generally includes assets used in the conversion of biomass to heat or to a solid, liquid, or gaseous fuel, and to equipment and structures used to receive, handle, collect, and process biomass in a waterwall, combustion system, or refuse-derived fuel system to create hot water, gas, steam, and electricity.

More info…

Federal Business Investment Tax Credit

26 USC § 48 allows up to a 30% credit to the commercial, industrial, and utility sector. Solar, fuel cells, and small wind are eligible for a 30% credit. Geothermal, microturbines, and CHP are eligible for a 10% credit. The maximum incentive is $1,500 per 0.5 kW for fuel cells; $200 per kW for microturbines; and $4,000 maximum credit for small wind. No maximum is specified for other technologies.

Eligible System Size:

  • Small wind turbines: 100 kW or less
  • Fuel cells: 0.5 kW or greater
  • Microturbines: 2 MW or less
  • CHP: 50 MW or less

More info…

Federal Renewable Power Production Tax Credit

Residential and business generators of renewable power may be entitled to a credit of 1.5 cents per kWh of energy produced by qualified sources, including new solar, wind, geothermal (with certain restrictions), biomass, landfill gas, livestock methane, or ocean (including tidal, wave, current, and thermal) generation technologies. Fuel cells using hydrogen derived from eligible biomass facilities are also eligible. See 42 USC § 13317.

More info…

Federal Tax Credits for Home Builders

Home builders are eligible for a $2,000 tax credit for a new energy-efficient home that achieves 50% energy savings for heating and cooling over the 2004 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) and supplements. At least 1/5 of the energy savings must come from building envelope improvements. This credit also applies to contractors of manufactured homes conforming to Federal Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards.

There is also a $1,000 tax credit to a producer of a new manufactured home achieving 30% energy savings for heating and cooling over the 2004 IECC and supplements (at least 1/3 of the savings must come from building envelope improvements), or a manufactured home meeting the requirements established by EPA under the ENERGY STAR program.

Please note that, with the exception of the tax credit for an ENERGY STAR qualified manufactured home, these tax credits are not directly linked to ENERGY STAR. Therefore, a builder of an ENERGY STAR qualified home may be eligible for a tax credit, but it is not guaranteed.

These tax credits apply to new homes located in the United States whose construction is substantially completed after August 8, 2005, and that are acquired from the eligible contractor for use as a residence from January 1, 2006 through December 31, 2009.

More info…

Federal Tax Deductions for Commercial Buildings

A tax deduction of up to $1.80 per square foot is available to owners or designers of new or existing commercial buildings that save at least 50% of the heating and cooling energy of a building that meets ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2001. Partial deductions of up to $.60 per square foot can be taken for measures affecting any one of three building systems: the building envelope, lighting, or heating and cooling systems. These tax deductions are available for systems “placed in service” from January 1, 2006 through December 31, 2013.

More info…

Massachusetts Alternative Energy and Energy Conservation Patent Deduction (Personal and Corporate)

Any Massachusetts resident who has applied for, or holds a patent for, an alternative energy or energy conservation system or device may petition the Commissioner of Energy Resources for determination that such patent is “….of economic value, practicable, and necessary for the convenience and welfare of the Commonwealth.” If the Commissioner approves such a patent, any income received from the sale, lease, or other transfer of such patent, including royalty income, and any sale, lease or other transfer of property or materials manufactured in the Commonwealth subject to such patent, shall be deducted from state personal income tax or corporate excise tax. Said deduction shall extend for a period no longer than five years from the date of issuance of the U.S. patent or the date of approval by the Commissioner of Energy Resources, whichever expires first (M.G.L. c.62, sec. 2(a)(2)(G), and c.63, sec.30 (3)).

More info…

Massachusetts Hydropower-Property Tax Exemption

Hydropower facilities are exempt from local property tax for a period of 20 years from the date of completion of the construction of such a facility, if construction of the facility commences after January 1, 1979. To qualify for this exemption, the owner of the plant must agree to pay the host community at least 5% of the plant’s gross income for the preceding calendar year in lieu of taxes.

The exemption applies to all real property (land and buildings) and tangible property (turbines and other equipment) necessary for the production of hydropower (M.G.L. ch.59, sec. 5, cl. (45A)).

More info…

Massachusetts Local Property Tax Exemption

A taxpayer who installs a solar or wind-powered system for heating or otherwise supplying the energy needs of his/her residence or business is eligible for an exemption from local property tax. The exemption is good for 20 years from the date of installation. (M.G.L. ch. 59, sec. 5, cl. 45).

Please note that this exemption applies to the value added to the property by the system and is not an exemption for the full amount of the property tax bill.

More info…

Massachusetts Corporate Income Tax Deduction

A business that purchases a qualifying solar or wind-powered “climatic control unit” or “water heating unit” is allowed to deduct from its net income, for state tax purposes, any costs incurred from installing the unit, provided the installation is located in Massachusetts and is used exclusively in the trade or business of the corporation (M.G.L. c.63, sec. 38H.).

Please note that if you qualify for this deduction you may also qualify for the excise tax benefit described in M.G.L. c.63, sec. 38H(f).

More info…

Massachusetts Technology Collaborative Small Renewables Initiative (SRI)

The Small Renewables Initiative (SRI) provides rebates for the installation of micro wind projects that are up to 10 kW and located at residential, commercial, industrial, institutional, and public facilities. The applicant and project site must either be a customer of a Massachusetts investor-owned electric distribution utility or be a customer of a Municipal Light Plant Department that pays into the Massachusetts Renewable Energy Trust. Applications are received on a rolling, first-come-first-served basis.

More info…

Massachusetts Commonwealth Solar

In January 2008, the Patrick Administration and the Massachusetts Renewable Energy Trust introduced a bold new initiative, Commonwealth Solar, to accelerate the number of solar electric photovoltaic (PV) projects within the Commonwealth and spur growth of the Massachusetts solar industry. Commonwealth Solar provides rebates through a non-competitive application process for the installation of PV projects at residential, commercial, industrial, and public facilities. Commercial projects are eligible for rebates for PV projects up to 500 kW and residential projects are eligible for up to 5 kW. The applicant (and project site) must be a customer of a Massachusetts investor-owned electric utility.

More info…

Privately Sourced Financial Grants

The Energy Foundation Grants

The Energy Foundation is a partnership of major donors interested in solving the world’s energy problems. Their mission is to advance energy efficiency and renewable energy — new technologies that are essential components of a clean energy future.

More info…

The Renewable Fuels Foundation Offers Its First Grants for Ethanol Production

The Renewable Fuels Foundation (RFF) Board of Directors funds those research projects that have clear goals and measurable outcomes with benchmarks that will advance the science of ethanol production. While sound research should be the basis for all grant applications, the RFF will only support projects that directly enhance domestic production of ethanol and the efficient use of co-products. One grant will be awarded for $150,000, of which $75,000 will be made available over two years. Viable projects may qualify for continued funding past this time frame.

Research project proposals must have a national implication, not local. The RFF prefers to fund national model projects, thereby making a bigger impact to the U.S. ethanol market.

More info…

The Carbon Trust

The Carbon Trust, via an incubator scheme, helps prepare promising early-stage companies in the UK to raise the investment needed to grow their business. They work with early-stage companies who have developed innovative carbon-saving technologies, demonstrating commercial and high-growth potential. The Carbon Trust is funded by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (BERR), the Scottish Government, the Welsh Assembly Government, and Invest Northern Ireland. The scheme aims to create investment opportunities in technology start-up companies developing low-carbon technologies.

Companies accepted for incubation will receive up to £60,000 of financial support from the Carbon Trust over a 12–18 month period. The Carbon Trust incubator scheme, which accelerates the commercialization of promising low-carbon businesses, has announced partnerships with business advisory firm Grant Thornton and a commercial law firm local to Cambridge (Mills & Reeve LLP), to provide corporate finance and legal advisory support to its incubator companies.

More info…

Federal and State Happenings

JHU Provost Obama’s Pick for Energy Post

Baltimore Sun - March 13, 2009

More info…

DEP Chief Gina McCarthy Picked for EPA Climate-Change Post

Hartford Courant - March 12, 2009

More info…

EPA Proposes Rule to Collect More Greenhouse-Gas Emissions

Greentech Media - March 10, 2009

More info…

DOE Announces Investment of up to $84M in Geothermal Energy

Press Release, Department of Energy - March 4, 2009

More info…

Picks for Key Government Posts Play Long Waiting Game

The Washington Post - March 4, 2009

More info…

Draft Legislation a Boon for Solar, Smart Grid

Greentech Media - March 6, 2009

More info…

Legal News

Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities Proposes Rules under Green Communities Act

Energy and Clean Technology Alert, Mintz Levin - March 13, 2009

More info…

Highlights of the Stimulus Package for the Energy and Clean Technology Sector

Energy and Clean Technology Alert, Mintz Levin - February 18, 2009

More info…

California Court of Appeal Weighs in on the Uniform Trade Secret Act’s Preemption of Common Law Claims

Intellectual Property Alert, Mintz Levin - March 4, 2009

More info…

Mintz Levin Expands West Coast Litigation Practice with Addition of Donald S. Urrabazo

Press Release, Mintz Levin - February 25, 2009

More info…

Janet Tighe Recognized in the Top Ten Financial Advisors in Boston by Women’s Business Boston

Press Release, Mintz Levin - February 23, 2009

More info…

Mintz Levin Presents “New and Expanded Tax Incentives for Renewable Energy: A Stimulus for Producers and Investors” Webinar

Press Release, Mintz Levin - February 20, 2009

More info…

Massachusetts Extends Deadline for Compliance with Data Security Regulations to January 1, 2010

Privacy and Security Alert, Mintz Levin - February 18, 2009

More info…

New York Enacts New Laws Regarding Background Checks and Hiring

Employment Alert, Mintz Levin - February 9, 2009

More info…

Events

March

Green: Net 09

March 24, 2009
Golden Gate Club
San Francisco, California

More info…

Geothermal Innovation & Investment

March 24–25, 2009
Le Meridien
San Francisco, California

More info…

3rd Annual ThinkGreen Conference

March 24–26, 2009
Intercontinental
San Francisco, California

More info…

BioPower Generation Asia

March 25–26, 2009
Singapore

More info…

Solar Power Finance & Investment Summit

March 25–27, 2009
The Westin San Diego
San Diego, California

More info…

Green$ense 2009

March 30–31, 2009
Westin Convention Center Hotel
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

More info…

4th Asia Solar Photovoltaic Exhibition & Forum 2009

March 30–April 1, 2009
Shanghai, China

More info…

NHA Conference & Hydrogen Expo XX

March 30–April 3, 2009
Columbia Metropolitan Convention Center
Columbia, South Carolina

More info…

Solar Innovation & Investment Asia

March 31–April 1, 2009
Shanghai, China

More info…

Advanced Capacitors World Summit 2009

March 31–April 2, 2009
Hilton Torrey Pines
La Jolla, California

More info…

April

Sustainable Bioenergy 2009

April 1–2, 2009
London, United Kingdom

More info…

The Wall Street Green Trading Summit

April 1–2, 2009
The Times Center
New York, New York

More info…

Carbon TradeEx America

April 7–8, 2009
Walter E. Washington Convention Center
Washington, D.C.

More info…

Photovoltaics

Beyond Conventional Silicon

April 7–8, 2009
Dresden, Germany

More info…

2nd Annual Global Marine Renewable Energy Conference

April 15–16, 2009
The Carnegie Institution for Science
Washington, D.C.

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Engineering Sustainability 2009

Innovations that Span Boundaries

David L. Lawrence Convention Center
April 19–21, 2009
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

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Alternative Fuels & Vehicles National Conference & Expo 2009

April 19–22, 2009
Walt Disney World Swan & Dolphin Resort
Orlando, Florida

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Clean Energy Investments Forum 2009

April 20–21, 2009
Hilton Houston Post Oak
Houston, Texas

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Dow Jones Alternative Energy Innovations 2009

April 21–22, 2009
Sofitel San Francisco Bay
Redwood City, California

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3rd Annual Energy Efficiency Finance Forum

April 23–24, 2009
The Palace Hotel
San Francisco, California

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Northeast Power Markets Forum

April 27–28, 2009
The Fairmont Washington
Washington, D.C.

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Energy Efficiency Global Forum & Exposition

April 27–29, 2009
Paris, France

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Organic Photovoltaics 2009

April 27–29, 2009
Doubletree Hotel Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Implementation of Renewable Energy in the Emerging Markets of Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean 2009 (REEM09)

April 27–29, 2009
Hotel Nikko
San Francisco, California

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Thin Film Solar

April 28–29, 2009
Hotel Nikko
San Francisco, California

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Cleantech Forum XXII

April 28–30, 2009
Copenhagen, Denmark

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Sustainable Manufacturing Summit

April 29–30, 2009
Navy Pier
Chicago, Illinois

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May

Clean Technology Conference & Expo 2009

May 3–7, 2009
George R. Brown Convention Center
Houston, Texas

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WINDPOWER 2009 Conference & Exhibition

May 4–7, 2009
McCormick Place Convention Center
Chicago, Illinois

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Gulf Solar

Commercializing Solar across the Middle East

May 5–7, 2009
Dubai, United Arab Emirates

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SNEC 3rd International Photovoltaic Power Generation Conference & Exhibition

May 6–8, 2009
Shanghai, China

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SOLAR 2009

May 11–16, 2009
Buffalo Niagara Convention Center
Buffalo, New York

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An Introduction to Solar Technology & Markets

May 20–21, 2009
London, United Kingdom

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Renewable Energy Europe 2009

May 26–28, 2009
KoelnMesse, Cologne, Germany

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Offshore Wind & Transmission Forum

Strategies & Challenges in Scaling Up the Offshore Wind Industry

May 27–28, 2009
Brussels, Belgium

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June

Photovoltaics Summit 2009

June 1–3, 2009
Hotel Kabuki
San Francisco, California

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Carbon Reduction Commitment Summit

June 2–3, 2009
London, United Kingdom

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Concentrating Solar Thermal Power 2009

June 4–5, 2009
Hotel Kabuki
San Francisco, California

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34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference

June 7–12, 2009
Philadelphia Marriott
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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PV America

June 8–10, 2009
Pennsylvania Convention Center
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Solar Economics Forum

Towards Grid Parity

June 16–18, 2009
London, England

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6th Renewable Energy Finance Forum Wall Street

June 23–24, 2009
Waldorf Astoria
New York, New York

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BioPower Generation USA

June 23–24, 2009
Chicago, Illinois

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BWEA Offshore Wind 2009

June 24–25, 2009
London, United Kingdom

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July

InterSolar North America

July 14–16, 2009
Moscone Center
San Francisco, California

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The IEA & Marketforce’s Renewables 2009

July 8–9, 2009
Radisson SAS Portman
London, England

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September

3rd U.S. Carbon Finance Forum

September 9–10, 2009
The Metropolitan Club
New York, New York

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Going Green

September 14–16, 2009
Cavallo Point
San Francisco, California

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The 4th Annual Renewable Energy Finance & Investment Summit

September 14–16, 2009
Doral Resort and Spa
Miami, Florida

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Solar Convention Las Vegas 2009

September 15–17, 2009
Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority
Las Vegas, Nevada

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11th Renewable Energy Finance Forum London

September 21–22, 2009
London, United Kingdom

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24th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference & Exhibition

September 21–25, 2009
Hamburg, Germany

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2nd Renewable Energy Finance Forum West

September 29–30, 2009
The Palace
San Francisco, California

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